Prior to its creation and carving out from the Archdiocese of Benin City, the geographical area that makes up Uromi Diocese was for a long time the focus of early missionary endeavour. The Catholic Diocese of Uromi encompasses the entire Esanland. Geographically, the Catholic Diocese of Uromi is located in the central region of Edo state, made up of Esan West, Esan Central, Esan North East, Esan South East, Esan South West and Igueben Local Government Areas. It has the following territorial boundaries: In the North and North-West, it is bounded by Etsako Local Government Area; in the West by Uhunmwode Local government Area, and in the East by the Rivers Alika and Niger. The diocese is comprised of the following towns: Ekpoma, Irrua, Iruekpen, Ewu, Uromi, Ubiaja, Udo, Oria, Ugboha, Illushi, Ifeku, Onogholo, Uzea, Ewatto, Okhuesan, Emu, Orowa, Uroh, Ohordua, Ewohimi, Igueben, Opoji, Ugbegun, Eghoro, Urohi, Ukhun, Idoa, Ebelle, Okalo, Ogwa, Ujiogba, Ugun, Amahor, Ewossa, and Ekpon.
The advent of Catholicism in Esanland began in the early 20th century through the activities of European explorers and missionaries. These came along with the French and British merchants and adventurers who settled first in Lokoja in 1884, and later moved to Asaba in 1888. An Apostolic Prefecture of the Upper Niger was created with Msgr. Carlo Zappa as its First Vicar Apostolic. It was Msgr. Zappa who in 1908 sent two French Fathers, Frs. Clement Barnwarth and Joseph Corbeau (the pioneer apostles of the Catholic Church in Esanland) to Ubiaja and later Ukoni to propagate the Catholic Faith. After many Ukoni people were converted, Fr. Corbeau had to inaugurate another station at Uromi, which also flourished rapidly.
Nevertheless, many of these neophytes were not well grounded in the Catholic Faith and had to struggle with their traditional practices and customs that contradicted their new way of life. Often, they found themselves under pressure, through taunts, insults and provocation to give up their faith and return to their traditional beliefs and practices. Whenever they were able to resist and overcome such temptations, they became strengthened in their faith- conviction and were ready to bear more witness to the Gospel. Uromi and Ubiaja were the starting points from which the Catholic Faith spread to other towns in Esanland.
It is pertinent to remark here, that the S.M.A Fathers of the Irish Province, who succeeded the French Fathers Barnnwarth and Corbeau, adopted the “school system” as a means of evangelization and conversions. As they taught the pupils how to read and write, they also included religious instructions as part of the school’s curriculum. Bishop Patrick Joseph Kelly and other supervisors of schools, made sure that school teachers were equally good Catechists and interpreters. The Bishop set up schools for the training of catechists and brothers who played intermediary roles between the Missionaries and the local people. In this way, the seed of vocations to the priesthood was sown in the hearts of many.
Missionary priests and teachers in schools were also involved in pastoral activities within and outside the schools. Chapels and churches were built within the boarding schools to cater for the spiritual well being of the students, and some Mass centres and outstations were set up in neighbourhoods. It was such stations that gradually evolved into parishes in some places. Sadly, this school system of evangelization was interrupted in 1971, when the Military Government of Nigeria took over all private schools from their rightful owners.
The enthronement of Bishop Patrick Ekpu brought another strategy in the evangelization process. Through the great commitment of the Clergy and Religious, the education, enlightenment and empowerment of the laity, many Lay Apostolate Groups emerged. As a result of this, the lay faithful participated actively in the missionary activities of the Church.
On the December 14, 2005, Pope Benedict XVI created the Diocese of Uromi. This young, dynamic and promising Diocese was canonically erected on 25thFebruary, 2006 with Most Rev. Dr. Augustine Obiora Akubeze installed as its pioneer Bishop.
And as God would have it, on March 18, 2011, the pioneering Bishop Augustine Obiora Akubeze was raised to the status of an Archbishop and consequently appointed Archbishop of Benin City. He was installed on April 28, 2011. As a result of this elevation, Very Rev. Fr John Akhidue who was until this time the Vicar General to the then Bishop Augustine Obiora Akubeze was made the Diocesan Administrator pending the announcement of a substantive bishop to succeed Most Rev. Dr Augustine Obiora Akubeze.
Furthermore, by divine providence again, Pope Francis, on November 6, 2014, graciously announced the elevation of Msgr. Donatus Aimiosion Ogun as the Bishop Elect of Uromi Diocese, to continue with the work of shepherding the flock of Uromi Diocese to greater height as the bishop. Most Rev. Donatus Ogun was ordained and installed as the second bishop of the Diocese on January 31, 2015.
FACTS AND FIGURES OF THE DIOCESE
|Year of Creation||December 14, 2005|
|Canonical Erection||February 25, 2006|
|Area of Territory||2,800 km2|
|Catechetical/Evangelisation Training Centre||2|
|Nursery and Primary Schools||9|
|Male Religious Communities||4|
|Female Religious Communities||7|